In the vast expanse of the internet, finding reliable and scholarly information can be akin to finding a needle in a haystack. Recognizing this challenge, Google, the world’s leading search engine, launched Google Scholar in 2004. But why did Google create Google Scholar? This article delves into the reasons behind the creation of this specialized search engine and its impact on the academic and research community.

Addressing the Need for Scholarly Information

Before Google Scholar, finding scholarly articles, theses, books, conference papers, and other academic resources was a daunting task. Researchers had to sift through numerous databases, each with its own search protocols. Google Scholar was created to simplify this process by providing a single, user-friendly platform for accessing scholarly literature.

Enhancing Accessibility

Google Scholar was designed to democratize access to academic information. Prior to its creation, much of the scholarly literature was locked behind paywalls or only available to those affiliated with certain institutions. Google Scholar has made strides in making this information more accessible to students, researchers, and the general public.

Improving Search Efficiency

Google’s expertise in search algorithms was leveraged to create Google Scholar. The platform uses a powerful algorithm that indexes full-text articles, allowing users to find relevant information quickly and efficiently. This has significantly reduced the time and effort required for academic research.

Facilitating Citation Tracking

Another reason Google created Google Scholar was to facilitate citation tracking. The platform allows users to see how many times a particular work has been cited by others, providing an indication of its impact in the field. This feature is particularly useful for researchers looking to identify key works in their area of study.

Supporting Open Access

Google Scholar supports the open access movement, which advocates for free and unrestricted access to research outputs. By indexing open access journals and repositories, Google Scholar has played a significant role in promoting the visibility and accessibility of open access literature.

Driving Innovation in Scholarly Communication

Finally, Google Scholar has been a catalyst for innovation in scholarly communication. Its creation has spurred other search engines and databases to improve their services, leading to a more competitive and user-friendly landscape for academic research.

In conclusion, Google created Google Scholar to address the need for a more efficient, accessible, and user-friendly platform for finding scholarly information. Its creation has not only simplified academic research but also promoted open access and driven innovation in scholarly communication. As we move towards an increasingly digital and interconnected world, tools like Google Scholar will continue to play a crucial role in disseminating knowledge and fostering intellectual growth.


Alex likes to write about anything related to technology, marketing and gadgets. He sometimes reviews the latest tech and also writes on other blogs.